Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Grandiosity, the desire for praise, and a general lack of empathy for other people’s discomfort are thought to be the key characteristics of narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). By early adulthood, this pattern becomes apparent and can be found in a number of scenarios.
People with NPD frequently exhibit excessive self-importance and tend to overestimate their talents and accomplishments.
They demand appreciation from others for their contributions and obsess over “long overdue” admiration if the praise does not come because they have exaggerated opinions of their own achievements and are consumed with illusions of limitless prosperity, power, and brilliance.
People with NPD may believe that only those who are similarly exceptional or superior to them can comprehend them and their particular requirements. They may view themselves as unique, special, or superior.
They may elevate some of their friends due to their insistence on only connecting with similarly exceptional people since they accept them on the condition that they will always be admired.
Symptoms of Narcissistic Personality Disorder
NPD sufferers frequently exhibit arrogance, egotism, and conceit. Conversations may be dominated by narcissists. Family, friends, and coworkers may seem unimportant to narcissists, who may also be apathetic. They frequently exhibit little empathy for the emotions of others or take little time to consider others.
Narcissists frequently have a sense of entitlement and carry themselves with arrogance. They frequently lack emotional maturity. If they don’t get what they want, they might turn to violence.
They frequently believe they must drive the best vehicles, be a part of the best clubs, and reside in the most prestigious areas because they are status-obsessed. But beyond all of this surface confidence, there’s frequently a very weak sense of self. The majority of narcissists have a hard time taking even the smallest criticism.
Most narcissists typically only invest emotionally in their fabricated self-image. If a narcissist appears to value another person, it is likely just because that person can provide the narcissist with something he cannot get enough of. People are frequently servants or helpful tools to someone with NPD.
It makes sense that a narcissist would want to hang onto the person who continuously complements him and praises him in order to satisfy his narcissistic needs. However, it’s doubtful that the narcissist really cares about this person. In fact, it’s likely that the narcissist mistreats and acts cruelly against this other person the most.
Trusting your inner feelings is another technique to spot a narcissist. Embrace your gut feeling. Even though there might not be a solid cue, you can spot a narcissist when you see one. Irrespective of the circumstance, a narcissist will make you uneasy.
Have you ever met someone and a tiny alarm rang in your head warning you that something is not right, regardless of how clever, thought-provoking, or charismatic they seem? You might be able to sense the narcissist’s lack of concern for you right away.
Spotting Narcissistic Behaviors
Every individual has a unique background. Your interests and concerns are reflected in this story. It is a dynamic scenario that takes into account both your achievements and failures in the past and present of your life. Your childhood scenario can involve killing a dragon or saving Mars.
Children learn to accept what is realistic and feasible as they get older. However, some individuals can occasionally be foolish and narrow-minded. Additionally, they have exaggerated notions of their own importance and unrealized aspirations.
- Impressive exaggerating style, capable of no failures or flaws, and self-importance.
- Be obsessed with fantasies about unlimited success, power brilliance, beauty, and perfect love
- Convinced of being special and distinctive
- Special admiration is always required
- Being entitled to special treatment and compliance with all one’s needs
- Profiting from others to one’s advantage
- Being jealous of others and feeling envious of them
- Haughty and arrogant
- There is no capacity to empathize or feel for the needs and wants of others.
Even with these distinctions, narcissistic behavior can cover a wide range, from minor to severe personality disorders. The extent is determined by how many of these behaviors the individual consistently exhibits and to what extent. A narcissistic personality disorder may be indicated by five or more of the above characteristics.
Treatment of Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Treatment for NPD is not widely researched, and many affected individuals do not think they are having a problem. They might require treatment for a different illness, such as depression or a substance abuse disorder. Because of their good perceptions of themselves, they are unable to see that their actions are improper.
They are resistant to the idea that they might be hurt in any way. It might be challenging to treat NPD patients since they frequently exhibit impulsivity and defensiveness. They can relate to people in a more healthy and sympathetic way with the aid of individual and group psychotherapy.
Mentalization-based, transference-focused, and schema-focused psychotherapies are among the therapeutic modalities that have been recommended as successful treatments for NPD.
In the 1960s, Otto Kernberg and Heinz Kohut were the pioneers in using psychoanalytic psychotherapy with NPD patients. Transference-focused, metacognitive, and schema-focused therapies are used in modern therapeutic strategies.
Medication may be used to treat particular symptoms or problems. Selective serotonin reuptake drugs like Prozac, which are some antidepressants, may exacerbate narcissistic traits. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that controls mood, and levels of happy emotions, and enhances typical happy feelings. However, it can also lead to the false feeling of superiority typical of NPD sufferers.
Psychopharmaceuticals may be helpful in treating comorbid disorder symptoms, but real change requires forging alliances with patients and fostering their sense of agency and reflective capacity.
People with NPD, as previously noted, do not accept having problems and instead think that everyone else is to blame for any issues that may emerge.
Their attitude makes psychotherapy challenging if they—for whatever reason—enter treatment because they worry that changing themselves would amount to admitting of their flaw.
Despite these challenges, psychotherapy is the most effective treatment for narcissism. Family or group therapy may occasionally be helpful because these settings can make the narcissist’s interpersonal difficulties obvious.
Individual counseling may be necessary, nevertheless, if traumatic childhood experiences are found that may have inspired the development of a complex defense mechanism.